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Khuzami, A Signatory Of The 2012 FCPA Guidance, Calls For Additional FCPA Guidance or “Changing” The “Somewhat Controversial” FCPA

khuzamikirkland

You really can’t make this one up and there is a reason why, unfortunately but justifiably, many view Foreign Corrupt Practice Act enforcement with cynicism.

In 2012, Robert Khuzami was head of the SEC’s Division of Enforcement when the SEC, along with the DOJ, issued FCPA Guidance.

The Guidance was signed by two individuals: Khuzami and then Assistant Attorney General Lanny Breuer.

Just above Khuzami’s signature, the Guidance states:

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Rep. Perlmutter, Once Again, Introduces FCPA Reform Bill, But This Time Goes Political

perlmutter

U.S. Representative Ed Perlmutter (D-CO) is persistent.

In 2009, he introduced the “Foreign Business Bribery Prohibition Act” in the House to no avail. (See here and here for prior posts). In 2011, he again introduced the “Foreign Business Bribery Prohibition Act” in the House to no avail. (See here for the prior post). In 2016, he again introduced the “Foreign Business Bribery Prohibition Act” in the House to no avail (See here for the prior post).

Last week, Perlmutter once again introduced the “Foreign Business Bribery Prohibition Act” in the House (H.R. 1549), but this time he attempted to make a political statement.

Even though H.R. 1549 is substantively the same bill as Perlmutter introduced in 2009, 2011 and 2016, the supposed purpose of H.R. 1549, as stated in his press release, is to “help stop corruption and foreign bribery under the Trump Administration.”

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Trump’s Pick For SEC Chairman Has An Informed And Sophisticated Understanding Of FCPA Issues

Jay Clayton

As has been widely reported, President-elect Donald Trump has nominated Jay Clayton (a lawyer at Sullivan & Crowell) to lead the SEC.

This post largely reboots this December 2011 FCPA Professor which highlighted a report titled “The FCPA and its Impact on International Business Transactions – Should Anything Be Done to Minimize the Consequences of the U.S.’s Unique Position on Combating Offshore Corruption?” by the International Business Transactions Committee of the Association of the Bar of the City of New York. The chairman of the Committee that drafted and reviewed the report was Jay Clayton.

The cheerleaders of more FCPA enforcement (regardless of enforcement theory, regardless of resolution vehicle used, regardless of settlement amount, and regardless of long-term collateral consequences) will likely get agitated by Clayton’s nomination.

However, those with actual FCPA practice experience, an informed understanding of global business conditions, and a desire for smart FCPA enforcement will be interested to learn of the report previously released by Clayton’s committee.

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Attorney General Nominee Jeff Sessions – “I was taught if they violated a law, you charge them. If they didn’t violate the law, you don’t charge them.”

sessions

Non-prosecution agreements and deferred prosecution agreements have distorted many areas of law, perhaps none more than the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act.

As highlighted in the article “Measuring the Impact of NPAs and DPAs on FCPA Enforcement,” since introduced to the FCPA context in 2004, alternative resolution vehicles have become the dominant way the DOJ resolves corporate FCPA scrutiny and serve as an obvious reason for the general increase in FCPA enforcement over the past decade. To the many cheerleaders of increased FCPA enforcement, NPAs and DPAs are thus worthy of applause.

Yet in a legal system based on the rule of law, quality of enforcement is more important than quantity of enforcement. Through empirical data and various case studies, the above article measures the impact NPAs and DPAs have on the quality of FCPA enforcement and concludes that NPAs and DPAs — while resulting in higher quantity of FCPA enforcement — result in lower quality of FCPA enforcement.

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FCPA Flash – A Conversation With Mark Srere About FCPA Reform And The Best Positive Incentives

FCPA Flash

The FCPA Flash podcast provides in an audio format the same fresh, candid, and informed commentary about the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act and related topics as readers expect from the written posts on FCPA Professor.

This FCPA Flash episode is a conversation with Mark Srere (Bryan Cave). In the episode, Srere articulates why the current FCPA enforcement environment does not offer business organizations the best positive incentives and he offers an FCPA reform proposal that he believes would. In addition, Srere critiques the hindsight driven nature of certain FCPA enforcement actions as it relates to the internal controls provisions.

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