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Second Circuit Rejects DOJ’s Expansive Jurisdictional Theory Of Prosecution In U.S. v. Hoskins

Judicial Decision

Appellate decisions construing the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act are extremely rare. Thus, many in the FCPA community have been awaiting the Second Circuit’s long-awaited (oral argument was held in March 2017 – see here) decision in U.S. v. Hoskins.

In this decision, the court rejected the DOJ’s expansive jurisdictional theory of prosecution against Lawrence Hoskins, a U.K. national. In many respects, the Second Circuit’s decision was based on the FCPA’s legislative history – demonstrating once again that the legislative history matters (see here for a prior post).

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An FCPA Enforcement Action That Slipped Through The Cracks

petroecuador

There is not much that goes unnoticed by the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act media.

However, this April 19, 2018 indictment of Frank Roberto Chatburn Ripalda (a dual United States and Ecuadorian citizen) appears to have slipped through the cracks.

The indictment alleges that between 2013 and 2015, Chatburn conspired with others by making corrupt payments to PetroEcuador officials in order to obtain and retain contracts for Galileo (described as an Ecuadorian company that provided services in the oil and gas industry) from PetroEcuador.

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Friday Roundup

Roundup

Motion to dismiss filed, guilty plea, role reversal, adequate procedures, for the reading stack, and viewing suggestion. It’s all here in the Friday roundup.

Motion to Dismiss Filed

As highlighted in this prior post, in November 2017 the DOJ announced that Chi Ping Patrick Ho (of Hong Kong, China) and Cheikh Gadio (of Senegal) were criminally charged with conspiring to violate the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act, violating the FCPA, conspiring to commit international money laundering, and committing international money laundering.

Earlier this week, Ho filed this motion to dismiss certain of the FCPA and money laundering charges.

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DOJ Announces FCPA Enforcement Action Against Former Embraer Exec Colin Steven

colin steven

In 2016, Embraer (a Brazil-based aircraft manufacturer with American Depositary Shares listed on the New York Stock Exchange) resolved a parallel DOJ / SEC Foreign Corrupt Practices Act enforcement action alleging improper conduct in the Dominican Republic, Saudi Arabia, Mozambique, and India (See here for the prior post).

The net FCPA settlement amount was $187 million and in terms of Saudi Arabia it was alleged that “Embraer [largely through the conduct of Executive B] agreed to pay and did pay Saudi Arabia Official [described as “an official in a high-level decision-making position in a state-owned and controlled company in Saudi Arabia that performed a government function] more than $1.5 million to obtain a contract for the sale of three business jets, valued at approximately $93 million to Saudi Arabia Instrumentality.”

Yesterday, the DOJ returned to these allegations and announced an enforcement action against Executive B, also known as Colin Steven (a U.K. citizen residing in the United Arab Emirates).

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FCPA Flash – A Conversation With Robert Luskin Regarding FCPA Enforcement Actions Against Foreign Companies

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The FCPA Flash podcast provides in an audio format the same fresh, candid, and informed commentary about the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act and related topics as readers have come to expect from written posts on FCPA Professor.

This FCPA Flash episode is a conversation with Robert Luskin (Paul Hastings). Luskin has a wealth of experience representing foreign companies (including Technip, Total, Alstom and SBM Offshore) in FCPA enforcement actions. During the podcast, Luskin: (i) elaborates on his previous comments that foreign corporations in FCPA inquiries have real concerns about “whether U.S. lawyers are really defense lawyers or former prosecutors in a better suit” and how some FCPA practitioners are not willing to be adverse to the DOJ; (ii) discusses legal and policy issues present in FCPA enforcement actions against foreign companies; and (iii) opines whether the FCPA has been successful in achieving its objectives including whether any reform is desirable.

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