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Across The Pond, Rolls-Royce Also Resolves A $625 Million U.K. Enforcement Action

Rolls

This recent post went in-depth into the $170 million Foreign Corrupt Practices Act enforcement action against Rolls-Royce. As mentioned in the post, the FCPA enforcement action against Rolls-Royce was part of a broader $800 million global resolution that also included a U.K. Serious Fraud Office component as well as Brazil law enforcement action.

The approximate $625 million U.K. enforcement action comprised the bulk of $800 million global resolution (that would seem to make sense, Rolls-Royce is after all a U.K. company) and is summarized below including the several failure to prevent bribery counts under the Bribery Act.

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In Depth Into The $519 Million Teva FCPA Enforcement Action

Copaxone

Records continue to be set as 2016 Foreign Corrupt Practices Act enforcement enters its final days.

Yesterday, the DOJ and SEC announced (here and here) a $519 million enforcement action against Teva Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd. (an Israeli company with American Depository Receipts traded in the U.S.) and a related entity. The settlement amount included a $283 million DOJ component and a related $236 million SEC component.

The action is believed to be the first-ever FCPA enforcement action against an Israeli company and by far the largest-ever FCPA enforcement action against a pharmaceutical company. (The $70 million 2011 enforcement action against Johnson & Johnson is second on that list). You better go ahead and update your top ten list again because the Teva enforcement action is the 4th largest of all-time. (Odebrecht / Braskem held that spot for less than 24 hours and is now bumped to 5th largest FCPA settlement amount of all-time).

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Danish Subsidiary Exposes Analogic To $14.9 Million Enforcement Action

analogic

Yesterday the DOJ and SEC announced (see here and here) a parallel Foreign Corrupt Practices Act enforcement action against medical device manufacturer Analogic Corp. and BK Medical ApS (Analogic’s Danish subsidiary) in which the entities agreed to pay approximately $14.9 million.

The conduct at issue involved alleged improper payments by BK Medical, primarily in Russia through distributors, and the government alleged that BK Medical took various steps to conceal its conduct from Analogic.

The enforcement action involved a DOJ non-prosecution agreement with BK Medical in which the company agreed to pay a $3.4 million criminal penalty and an SEC administrative order against Analogic in which the company agreed to pay approximately $11.5 million in disgorgement and prejudgment interest. In connection with the same administrative order, the SEC also announced that “Lars Frost, BK Medical’s former Chief Financial Officer, agreed to pay a $20,000 civil penalty to settle charges that he knowingly circumvented the internal controls in place at BK Medical and falsified its books and records.

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Just When You Think You’ve Seen It All – Along Comes The Nordion (Canada) Inc. Enforcement Action

kidding me

There have been several Foreign Corrupt Practices Act enforcement actions in the past 30 days or so.

But, just when you think you’ve seen it all in FCPA enforcement-land, along comes the Nordion (Canada) Inc. enforcement action announced yesterday by the SEC.

The basic findings, as set forth in this administrative order, were as follows.

Approximately 16 years ago, Mikhail Gourevitch (a dual Canadian and Israeli citizen who was fired years ago by Nordion) represented to the company that “his purported childhood friend from Russia” could help the company’s business in Russia.

Gourevitch and this eventual agent “conspired to use a portion of the funds Nordion paid the Agent to bribe Russian government officials to obtain approval for TheraSphere” a liver cancer therapy.

Gourevitch also received kickbacks from the Agent and otherwise “hid the scheme from Nordion” through, among other things, misrepresentations to his employer. In the words of the SEC, through his conduct Gourevitch “secretly enrich[ed] himself” and received “at least $100,000 for his role in the arrangement which was not disclosed to Nordion.”

In August 2014, Nordion was acquired by Nordion (Canada) Inc., a privately held company. The SEC’s order finds that Nordion (not the actual Respondent in the action Nordion (Canada) Inc.) violated the FCPA’s books and records and internal controls provisions and Nordion (Canada) Inc. agreed, without admitting or denying the SEC’s findings, agreed to pay $375,000.

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DOJ Announces FCPA And Related Actions In Connection With Russian Nuclear Industry Bribe Scheme – Additional Actions Likely

TENEX

It’s not often the DOJ announces a Foreign Corrupt Practices Act enforcement action via a one sentence statement in a press release about another enforcement action.

But that is what the DOJ did earlier this week when it announced in this press release that Daren Condrey (50, of Glenwood, Maryland) pleaded guilty on June 17, 2015, to conspiring to violate the FCPA and conspiring to commit wire fraud.

This June 2015 criminal information sets forth the DOJ’s allegations.

According to the information, Condrey was an owner and executive of Transportation Corporation A (a Maryland headquartered company in the business of providing logistical support services for the transportation of nuclear materials to customers in the United States and to foreign customers) from August 1998 through in or about October 2014.

According to this Wall Street Journal, Transportation Corporation A is Transport Logistics International (TLI).  In November 2014, TLI released this statement concerning the DOJ’s investigation.

The Condrey information alleges various bribe payments made to “Foreign Official One” to secure business with TENEX.

JSC Techsnabexport (“TENEX”) is described as a supplier of “uranium and uranium enrichment services to nuclear power companies throughout the world on behalf of the government of the Russian Federation.”  According to the information, “TENEX was indirectly owned and controlled by, and performed functions of, the government of the Russian Federation, and thus was an “agency” and “instrumentality” of a foreign government, as those terms are used in the FCPA.”  The information further states:

“TENEX established a wholly-owned subsidiary company located in the United States in or about October 2010, TENAM Corporation (“TENAM”). TENAM was TENEX’s official representative office in the United States. TENAM was indirectly owned and controlled by, and performed functions of, the government of the Russian Federation, and thus was an “agency” and “instrumentality” of a foreign government, as those terms are used in the FCPA.”

“Foreign Official One”[Vadim Mikerin – see below] is described in the information as follows:

“[A] national of the Russian Federation, was a Director of TENEX from at least 2004 through in or about October 2010, and was the President of TENAM from in or about October 2010 through in or about October 2014. Foreign Official One was a”foreign official,” as that term is used in the FCPA. From in or about December 2011 through in or about October 2014, Foreign Official One was a resident of Maryland.”

According to the information, Condrey and others:

“with the knowledge of Foreign Official One, caused Transportation Corporation A to provide quotations and invoices to TENEX hiding the cost of the bribe payments promised to Foreign Official One within Transportation Corporation A’s pricing”;

“at the direction of Foreign Official One, attempted to conceal the payments to Foreign Official One by making the bribe payments to bank accounts in Cyprus, Latvia, and Switzerland”;

“sent email communications and used other forms of communication in which they used terms like “lucky figure,” “LF,” “cake,” and “remuneration” as code words to conceal the true nature of the bribe payments, and utilized fraudulent invoices which did not truthfully describe the services provided or the purpose of the payments”;

“caused Transportation Corporation A to act as a conduit for a bribe payment another company made to Foreign Official One in order to conceal that bribe payment;” and

“wired, and caused to be wired, payments from Transportation Corporation A’s bank account in Maryland to bank accounts in Cyprus, Latvia, and Switzerland for the purpose of making bribe payments to Foreign Official One.”

Based on the above allegations, Condrey was charged with conspiracy to violate the FCPA and to commit wire fraud.

In this June plea agreement, Condrey pleaded guilty. The statement of facts attached to the Condrey plea agreement also refers to the following company:

“Cylinder Corporation A was a company, based in Ohio, which engaged in the manufacture of tanks and vessels for the oil and gas, nuclear, and marine markets. Cylinder Corporation A secured contracts with TENEX to supply storage and transportation cylinders. In or about September 2012, Cylinder Corporation A was acquired by another company headquartered in Ohio (“Ohio Corporation”).”

According to this Wall Street Journal article:

“People familiar with the investigation identified that company as Westerman Cos., which was acquired by [publicly traded] Worthington Industries, Inc. in 2012 and now operates as Worthington Cylinders. Court records refer to the company as Cylinder Corporation A and identify its location as Bremen, Ohio.”

According to the DOJ’s release, Condrey will be sentenced on Nov. 2, 2015. Condrey is represented by Robert Bonsib.

Back to the DOJ’s press release earlier this week which made brief mention of the above FCPA enforcement action.  As noted in the release:

“[Vadim Mikerin] a Russian official residing in Maryland pleaded guilty today to conspiracy to commit money laundering in connection with his role in arranging over $2 million in corrupt payments to influence the awarding of contracts with the Russian state-owned nuclear energy corporation. According to court documents, Mikerin was the president of TENAM Corporation and a director of the Pan American Department of JSC Techsnabexport (TENEX).  TENAM, based in Bethesda, Maryland, is a wholly-owned subsidiary and the official representative of TENEX in the United States.  TENEX, based in Moscow, acts as the sole supplier and exporter of Russian Federation uranium and uranium enrichment services to nuclear power companies worldwide.  TENEX is a subsidiary of Russia’s State Atomic Energy Corporation.”

According to the release, Mikerin is to be sentenced on Dec. 8, 2015.  See here for the Mikerin plea agreement.  Mikerin is represented by former FCPA Unit Assistant Chief William Jacobson and Jonathan Lopez (both with Orrick, Herrington & Sutcliffe).

As noted in the release, “Boris Rubizhevsky, 64, of Closter, New Jersey, pleaded guilty on June 15, 2015, to conspiracy to commit money laundering and will be sentenced on Oct. 19, 2015.” Rubinzhevsky is described in the Mikerin plea agreement as the owner and sole employee of “Consulting Corporation Two,” which was based in New Jersey.

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